This document takes an evolutionary approach to align with and build upon existing or upcoming frameworks, standards, and best-practices, such as the TOGAF® standard, Archimate® Modeling Language, or ISO 9001 for healthcare. All application-related screenshots in this article are based on a prototype, modelled in Enterprise Architect.
On August 15, 2020, India’s 74th Independence Day, Prime Minister Modi launched the National Digital Health Mission (NDHM). The NDHM is a comprehensive digital platform that brings together multiple and diverse groups of stakeholders enabled by shared interfaces, reusable building blocks, canonical datasets, and open-standards, with a strong foundation of architecture. In a sector that is riddled with administrative and regulatory complexities, coupled with the scale and scope of operations in India, the NDHM aims to revolutionize the healthcare sector. As the largest democracy in the world, that follows a federated structure of governance the NDHM is unequivocally targeted at improving the patient experience of care, improving the health of the population, reducing the cost of providing healthcare, and enhancing the effectiveness of healthcare providers.
In this article, I would like to discuss the critical importance of connected healthcare systems during an epidemic or a pandemic. Everyone benefits from connected healthcare systems; people, families, districts, states, nations. Leadership from all levels of healthcare authorities is essential, from hospital workers to governments, to global organizations such as the World Health Organization (WHO).
In this second article, I discuss key ideas and concepts underlying the design of a Reference Architecture for Health. Based upon the principles developed in the first article, these ideas and concepts describe what is needed. Together with the essential capabilities that we will introduce in a third article, they provide the input to how to build and deliver such a Reference Architecture. This document uses the following approach:
– From the large to the small: Start with the outer context, the overall Healthcare system, and refine into individual subject areas and building blocks
– Outside in: Start outside the organization, from the perspective of a customer, and design your organization around the needs of the customer
In this article, I’ll share guiding principles for a reference architecture for the Healthcare industry. The main beneficiaries of this reference architecture are patients, health professionals, and Healthcare organizations. Its main users are planners, managers, and Enterprise Architects. A second article will focus on key design ideas for such a reference architecture, followed by a third article to describe its essential capabilities.
By Steve Nunn, President and CEO, The Open Group
As we usher in the new decade, I would like to express my sincerest wishes for you – our valued Members, The Open Group global community, and staff – to enjoy much happiness and great success in 2020.
What a year it has been here at The Open Group! As I reflect on 2019 and consider what is to come in 2020, one thing is very clear – The Open Group is doing even more of what it does best – helping to solve real business problems through technology standards.